When a Beginning Grower Meets A Master Grower

Since starting Cheap Home Grow I was lucky to come into contact with Caleb Crowl via Twitter. He’s passionate about learning how to grow cannabis so I figured why not have a threeway conversation about how to grow cannabis at home. I figured I would match Caleb up with Vincent Bitetti, a master grower and inventor from Southern California.

Who’s Vincent Bitetti?

Vincent is an entrepreneur located in Southern California that’s been growing his own cannabis for decades. He was CEO of a publicly traded company and inventor of “The Armoire”. He’s been a consultant for large grow operations throughout California and is passionate about cannabis. This article talks about spider mites, which lights to use, cutting and trimming, autoflowers and many more important topics a beginner I’m sure is eager to learn. Please enjoy reading and or listening to this conversation we all had.

Below the SoundCloud and YouTube files is a transcription of our conversation

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Shane McCormick: Hello everybody, this is Shane McCormick from Cheap Home Grow. Today’s podcast will be a three-way conversation between Vincent Bitetti, a master grower who’s been growing for 40+ years from Green Goddess Supply and Caleb Crowl, he’s a beginning grower. Today’s show is going to be about how a beginning grower can grow cannabis.

Shane McCormick: Where do you guys live?

Vincent Bitetti: I just want to say, I live in Southern California, and Caleb lives in Pennsylvania?

Caleb Crowl: Yes, that’s correct.

Vincent Bitetti: Are we going to talk about indoor and outdoor and autos, or do you want to cover everything?

Shane McCormick: Well Caleb, what do you want to talk about? From what I understand, you grow indoors…

Caleb Crowl: I’m growing indoors. I would love to grow outdoors, but that probably wouldn’t go over to well in my neighborhood.

Vincent Bitetti: Indoors obviously is where you can control the environment, obviously on the one hand. On the other hand, if you get a problem like Spider Mites, it’s hard to control because it’s like being on an airplane coming from China and some of the people who are sick with SARS, chances are you’re going to get sick. On the other hand, if you want pristine high-end elite cannabis, you have to grow it indoors because there are too many factors that could go wrong. Outdoors you’re fighting the elements, insects, dust and wind and all that other shit. Caleb, with indoors, start your questions.

Caleb Crowl: In the beginning, it can be very confusing so I went to Reddit, and Reddit can be crazy at times. I couldn’t figure out where to start, but with that being said, what do you do for lighting?

Vincent Bitetti: I’ll tell you what I learned over time, and it’s funny because it applies to aquariums, saltwater aquariums as much as it pertains to growing cannabis. Both of those things require pristine temperatures, lightning, intense lightning, but if it’s too intense, it gets too hot… not intense enough, you don’t get results, you gotta get it right, etc.. I have evolved over time as has the aquarian trade. The aquarian trade has been using LEDs for probably 10 years longer than the cannabis industry. When your able to grow hard coral, even soft coral, the coral, in general, is very delicate and with regular cannabis like sativas, indicas and hybrids other than autos, photosynthesis takes place at night on the ground that’s why the plants have to sleep.

To really talk about lights I have to first tell you this, I invented a grow box. It was in my mind do a one plant solution, quarter pound every 60 days and you don’t have to know anything about growing. It started with all the complexities and drew it into how can I make this really simple, right? And so I had to create a controlled environment. One of the things that I found, I couldn’t have a box that heated up, so I had to use LEDs. LEDs, they have advanced to the point of craziness. It’s not about wattage either at all, it’s about par. It’s about Photosynthetic Active Radiation. There are lots of LEDs, there are white or multi-color LEDs. What I’m talking about is a multi-color led. If you were looking at it, maybe it would have 150 or 100 bulbs that may be different colors. There’d be a veg and bloom button. The best LEDs have, and some of them have UVB. What I have found with LEDs in a controlled environment, is that bugs do not like LEDs. I use LEDs, about 250 watts. Which is really about half. Whenever you see something that says, 500 watts, cut it in half, and that’s the true wattage. So with 250 watts, the true wattage is about 125. It’s not about the wattage, it’s about the PAR. PAR is measured with a power meter, and there are lots of ways to measure light.

For example, wavelengths and lumens, etc. PAR, it’s the measurement that’s most important. PAR is what makes plants create chlorophyll, particularly chlorophyll A which is green and chlorophyll B, which is brown. The more par, the more chlorophyll and more chlorophyll, the bigger and better the plant. A lot of professional growers use HPS lights, right?

For example, 1000 watt double ended Gavitas. Regarding PAR, if they put one on a 4’x4′ area, even if it’s there are four plants in there, the PAR is center of the light, it’s going to be about 1000, and the palm edges is going to be 200 – 300. With an led of 120 watts versus a 1000 watt Gavita, which is 24 inches or more above the canopy, the led can be four or five inches above the canopy because the wattage is really low, but the par is really high. So you want par 15000 – 2,000 in the center of the plant. So you want the most significant LED. Our LED is 12 by 18 inches, and it’s about two and a half inches tall. It’s multicolored, and it has some proprietary spectrum to ward off mildew, mold and bugs don’t like it. So the answer to your question. They will pay for themselves. It also depends on what your growing for, if your growing for personal use, you should be able to get a quarter pound from each plant without an issue every 90 days with one led.

Caleb Crowl: As a first timer, I had no idea what to expect, and I did a decent the amount of research about lighting, and I picked what I felt was a decent light, and I was able to get about a quarter pound per-plant. But I was nowhere near close to that.

Vincent Bitetti: Are you using LEDs?

Caleb Crowl: Yeah

Vincent Bitetti: What is the wattage on them?

Caleb Crowl: The total wattage is 300W, PAR wattage is 150.

Vincent Bitetti: Who makes them?

Caleb Crowl: Timber Grow Lights.

Vincent Bitetti: Is it the platinum light or is it a cheap Chinese knockoff?

Caleb Crowl: The platinum.

Vincent Bitetti: So you got the big thick 90 degree lenses and all that stuff?

Caleb Crowl: Yeah.

Vincent Bitetti: So they’re either Cree or bridge look or the Epistar out of Taiwan and make LEDs with those lenses as well. That’s a quality light, almost perfect.

Vincent Bitetti: Do you have a bug problem?

Caleb Crowl: No, and it’s interesting because I didn’t see any bugs whatsoever.

Vincent Bitetti: Well, unless you’re growing from clones and you bring your bugs in on the clone, and they were already existing, or you work in the fields and don’t wash up before you go into your grow room, tent or whatever you use to grow. Unless you introduce the bugs, they’re not going to show up, not with that low of wattage and heat signature. Caleb, so what’s your next question?

Caleb Crowl: I have a question about nutrients.

Vincent Bitetti: Do you grow with soil?

Caleb Crowl: Yes, I use Biobizz Light. I think it has some perlite mix. I mixed in about 30 percent more.

Vincent Bitetti: That’s excellent soil, either it’s organic or derived from organic, right?

Caleb Crowl: Yes, I believe derived. I tried to keep things as organic as I could.

Vincent Bitetti: Here’s the thing with organic soil, it contains lots of nutrients. The plants will uptake the nutes as it needs them instead of being force-fed them. So if you force feed the plant nutrients, you can have nutrient excess and run the risk of burning everything, but you can also have a deficiency, so I don’t grow with any nutes. I grow lots of autos. I’ve been growing autos for a long time. I’ve got one right now. It’s an OG Kush. It’s going to be a half a pound. With autos, you have to find a reliable feed source and then look at the yield and look at what you’re looking for, the THC, CBD or whatever.

If you get a high yielding auto, then it might need food. Now I’d say out of 100 autos I’ve grown I’ve only given two food. They’re basically done in 60 or 70 days unless you have a longer strain, for example, up to 75 days. There’s enough food in a five-gallon container in organic food to last 75 days unless it’s a really high yielding strain. So this OG Kush was looking pretty poor, it was yellow, droopy and I couldn’t figure it out. I asked my son, and he said, the water meter says there’s plenty of water, but why don’t you take the water meter and move it around and see what it says. I put it in four or five other places and as it turns out there wasn’t enough water.

So I started giving it much more water. That’s another thing I found out, autos like a lot of water. They create large root balls, and they can create them very quickly, that’s why you can’t transplant them. With cannabis when you go from seed, they have a taproot. If you grow from clones, there’s no taproot. Instead of the vertical taproot you get horizontal roots with clones. That’s why you should never breed with clones ever.

People are trying to clone autos. I don’t know if it’s possible. I tried a couple of weeks ago and I’m going to see if it’s going to take, but I don’t think it’s going to work. With that being said, I think with nutrients, unless the plant asks for them, don’t feed it. With my plant it was droopy and discolored, so I figured out it was a water problem to start, and that didn’t fix the problem, it helped, the plant got a little more erect, but it was asking for food, and so I started feeding it. It would not stop eating. I fed this plant once a week, from the fourth week until the 75th day, which was three or four days ago when I started flushing the plant. This plant was taking as much nutrients as I could throw at it, which I have never seen with an auto.

Caleb Crowl: What kind of nutrients were you using?

Vincent Bitetti: I try and stick with organic nutrients and keep things simple. I use Advanced Nutrients, their Organic Iguana line for grow and bloom. I stick to the basics. Occasionally, if I have a regular plant that needs a lot of nutrients, I’ll reach for something like Bud Candy. With autos I hardly ever feed them. They just never need food. There are exceptions to every rule. I would say, the higher yielding autos are more likely to need food than the others, but higher yield doesn’t necessarily mean higher THC. Nutrients are only used when necessary, and if you’re growing in an organic soil if the plant depleted all the nutrients from organic soil then you need to feed it. It’ll tell you it’s done that by changing color.

Caleb Crowl: Do you add any perlite to your soil or do you just go straight with the organic?

Vincent Bitetti: I use Perlite. Certain products from  Fox Farm has perlite in it. Some people add more, I don’t. The 420 Soil doesn’t have perlite, so I add it. It’s about one eighth to one-quarter perlite. The rest is the organic soil mix.

Vincent Bitetti: Do you use cloth grow pots?

Caleb Crowl: Yes I do.

Vincent Bitetti: They can self-prune, they can penetrate the cloth, even if you can’t see them. They’re actually breathing, and self-pruning as well so that’ll give you a higher yield. You’re doing all of the things right.

Vincent Bitetti: So have you had nutrient problems, excess or otherwise?

Caleb Crowl: No., well, I ordered  Nectar of The Gods. They had a starter pack, and all you had to do is pay the shipping. When it arrived, it was a lot of bottles. Watering was a hassle. They have 8 different bottles in the starter pack, then you have pH, and I read about silicone and magnesium, so i got the CalMag for the autos, and its funny but organic soil sounds like it would have solved all of that.

Vincent Bitetti: Regarding pH, I use reverse osmosis purified water. There’s no salt or minerals, there’s nothing in it. The pH is 5.5, and the soil pH is between 6.2 or 6.7. If you take the 5.5 and water for 90 days, you’re not going to have a pH problem with autos.

Vincent Bitetti: I’ve grown autos with just tap water versus purified water and with some strains you can tell the difference and with other strains there’s no difference. Seventy-five days is not enough time, it’s not like you’re growing regular cannabis. I try and keep it simple, so I typically don’t mix things up. I’ll try perlite into the soil, but I never test for pH unless I have some weird ass problem that I cannot figure out, then I’ll start testing everything, but that’s rare.

Caleb Crow: When should I flush?

Vincent Bitetti: There is a school of thought that says if you’re using organic soil, it’s considered “living soil,” and since it’s living soil, the plants used it all up, so there’s nothing to flush, basically. With that being said, I’m old school. I’ve been a High Times subscriber since 1974. High Times to this day says to flush, and they have several articles from, and they’ll tell you that the most fatal thing you can do to your harvest is not flush.

Number one, they say flushing will improve the taste. And number two, when you go to harvest and dry it, it will make for an even burn, and you will not be coughing. Theoretically, there won’t be a harsh smoke or have any issues after you cured it and that begins with flushing. So I have always flushed my plants, and now I use Advanced Nutrients Final Flush as well just to get everything out of there. I have kind of this little plastic trough, and I use it to literally drown the plant until the trough fills up to about five inches of water, and it’s brown water and do it for like three or four days until it’s almost clear, and then I let it dry out naturally. It’s still planted and soaked, and I turn off the bloom lights and leave on just the bed lights. Anecdotally there’s evidence to suggest if you do that, the terpenes will increase over the last five days.

Caleb Crowl: I don’t mean to interrupt, but you’re talking about flushing even when not using nutrients?

Vincent Bitetti: Yes flushing not just to get rid of nutrients but flushing to basically make for a better taste and make for a smoother smoke and an even burn after you harvest and cure. Flushing begins that whole process again. Again, High Times says it’s fatal not to flush. You could be having great pot and be coughing your lungs out, and it doesn’t burn evenly. You can be having great pot but like it tastes like crap and doesn’t have any of the aromas or flavors of what you’re after. Personally, I can’t speak to the non-flushing methods because I’ve never done it that way. I do a wet trip trim when the plant is alive.

So I trim the plant, and I do a lot of stress training all the way up until harvest. When it’s time to flush I do a live trim first. I take off all of the shade leaves and any other obtrusive leaves. I don’t do a manicure. Then I do the flushing and then I put it back under the lights for three or four days, and I flush it for those three to four days, and then I basically chop it off at the bottom and hang it upside down. I may do one more round of trimming if I haven’t cut enough, I don’t do the final manicuring until I’m done drying. It sometimes depends on the plant too. If you have really dense nugs you’re going to have to do more manicuring then you would if your nugs aren’t so dense because you would have a lot of leaf matter.

Caleb Crowl: Do you top your autos?

Vincent Bitetti: No, there’s evidence to suggest that you can, if you do it early enough, but I’ve never done it, but I do shit that’s crazy. I bend them in half.

Caleb Crowl: What do you mean when you say you bend them in half?

Vincent Bitetti: I literally bend the tops in half. I bend it in half until it’s in the dirt and then I pin it down with a hanger. I take the hanger, a pair of wire cutters and cut the hanger about four inches and bend it into little U shape and I pin the top down to dirt.

Caleb Crowl: Now are they vegging or are they in flower?

Vincent Bitetti: They’re vegging. I start stress training at week one and by three weeks in I got at least four or six pieces of bamboo in there and they’re tied with cable ties and pulled in all different directions. I ended up with 10, 12, 15, 20 tops. Sometimes you can go too far and end up with 25 little tops. With my OG Kush I have a dozen tops the size of beer cans 12 inches long, that’s why tress training is essential here. Autos can be stressed trained and bent in every direction as long as it didn’t veg, once it gets into flower, the stems start to harden, and you could snap them in half, you don’t want to do that. If they’re in veg mode and we’re talking hemp here, so it’s fiber, it’s fibrous, it’s like rope, you can bend it every which way. I saw one guy grow one for his girlfriend in the shape of a giant heart on a trellis. You have to remember you’re talking about a plant that had been here for 39 million years.

So evolution to this plant is nothing. It’s been on the planet for millions of years, so it’s seen a lot. It’s been able to protect itself from the environment and being able to evolve and live through what the universe and solar system have thrown at it, needless to say, it’s an impressive plant.

Caleb Crowl: I was impressed by it. I have seen some resilience due to my clumsiness.

Vincent Bitetti: When you do your first round with stress training, it looks like someone dropped a giant rock on the plant.

Caleb Crowl: I didn’t mean to stress train it. My ceiling is shallow and when I stood up I accidentally whacked it when I brought it down the main cola was at a 90-degree angle, and it started to flower. At first, I thought I messed things up, but when I pulled it up and repositioned it, I saw a giant knot.

Vincent Bitetti: Yeah. Big giant knuckle, right?

Caleb Crowl: Yes.

Vincent Bitetti: I used to live in a house with brick walls, and they were five feet tall, and my house was on a busy street and if they were to walk right into my yard and look over my wall and they would see a yard full of cannabis in 1978. I’d have gone to jail for 20 or 30 years. It would grow to be five feet, and these were mostly sativas, they wanted to grow 20 feet, and I’d have to bend them down from the wall down to the ground. I had knuckles everywhere, it was crazy.

Shane McCormick: What else is on your mind Caleb?

Caleb Crowl: I’ve read conflicting reports but do you use any type of foliar sprays?

Vincent Bitetti: I have in the past, I just don’t see a huge benefit from it. Everybody evolves through their own methods after a few years. You’ll realize what works, what doesn’t work, what matters, what doesn’t matter and you’ll know your own preferences. For regular cannabis, I dumbed it down. I grow in organic soil unless it’s a patio grow because I breed and I grow outside for breeding. You can smoke it, and it’s great but it gets inundated by everything, and you have to fight the elements. It’s crazy growing outside because you have to buy bugs to fight bugs, there are so many factors when growing outside it’s almost insane.

The real motive for me to grow outdoors is breeding purposes and living in Southern California growing autos is fairly straightforward. You wouldn’t be able to grow regular cannabis outdoors. With autos, it’s different because it doesn’t freeze here (Southern California) unless it freezes, there’s no issue. I grow a lot of outdoor and indoor, but I focus on doing my own thing. I don’t grow outdoors in cloth pots, I grow them in the big pots 20 – 30-gallon pots. When I grow indoors, I use five down cloth pots. I have used five and a half gallon plastic super-roots air-pots those work really well. However, I wouldn’t say they work any better than a cloth pot and there much more money than a cloth pot either though. Maybe 75 cents more for the plastic one. What’s nice about the plastic ones is they can be reused. The cloth ones, theoretically you can, but I’ve never tried to reuse those pots.

Shane McCormick: Vincent can you talk about drying and curing.

Vincent Bitetti: I invented a grow box, so when it comes to growing indoors when you’re done with a grow, you take out the light, and you hang the plant upside down where the light was. It’s not a final manicure, but you’ve trimmed the plant side, and you have to hang it upside down where the light was in the box you and let the fans run. There’s no light, the fans are running, it’s dark, and the temperature is controlled by the ambient room temperature. I say don’t let it get any colder than 65F or any warmer than 78F or 79F in the room. So the fans are running, the lights are off, and the plants are hanging upside down for as many days it takes for the stems snap. If you can still bend them without snapping them, they’re not ready to cut and put into jars. As soon as you can snap them, they’re ready, and you don’t want to wait too long because it will get too dry. You need to check them every day obviously, but as soon as you can snap the stems in half, you can then get out your trimmers and start trimming away. I use amber colored mason jars, they’re not sensitive to light, so it doesn’t degrade whatever’s inside of it. I don’t know if that’s true or not, but I use them anyway.

Caleb Crowl: If they’re not drying out evenly, then you’re doing something wrong?

Vincent Bitetti: The big main stem might take a little longer than the others, and those smaller little ones on the bottom might be done a little sooner. Generally speaking, the main cola one will take longer to dry out than the little stragglers. It’s kind of a judgment call, but when 80 percent of the plant is able to be snapped, you’re good to go. Then you cut it up, put it into jars and the burp the jars 10 minutes a day.

Some people do that for two, three weeks but it depends on what the strain is, and you can tell the difference between grass clippings and the aroma and terpenes of whatever you’re growing. You want that smell to dominate whether it’s a skunk, citrus or pine smell. After you burp the jars for 10 minutes a day for five days, if you have the smell you like then your good to go, but one last thing I suggest is to put into humidifier packs, I use the Boveda 62% humidifier packs. Please understand that’s my own personal preference. The whole idea is not to let it get too dry, but on the other hand, you don’t want any mold because you’ve got everything from penicillin mold which some people are allergic to.

Also, Aspergillus molds that are carcinogenic. Some dispensaries buy from growers who don’t cure or dry their pot because prices have gone down. It should be no more than 25 percent water weight. That’s why if you think you’re going to have a pound by the time it’s cured you have a quarter pound. Some of these dispensaries just buy from the big guys now, and the big guys are trying to make money, so they’re not drying it long enough and not curing hearing it at all. I can only tell you the articles that I read, 80 percent of the pot sold in California either has molds or pesticides. Now they’re legal pesticides, but there are beneficial microbes in the soil, but there are no useful molds in dried cannabis that I know that.

Caleb Crowl: I’m located in Pennsylvania, we just got medical approved not too long ago so, it’s all new out here. It’s been decriminalized in Philadelphia, but I just had my first experience going into a dispensary a couple of days ago, so I don’t really know about these pesticides and everything else.

Vincent Bitetti: Once you grow it at home and you’re successful, are you ever really going to go back to buying it at a dispensary?

Caleb Crowl: I’m a frugal man, so I’m always looking for the best bang for my buck, so my answer would be no!

Vincent Bitetti: I’m 63, and luckily I don’t have any health issues, but I had a lot of friends who have health issues, whether it’s diabetes or whatever it might be. My friends are trying to get away from big Pharma but they can’t because of big Pharma through their Medicaid or whatever they have they’re getting their drugs cheaply at Walmart.

Cannabis right now in Southern California is currently $360 plus city and state tax bring it to around $400 by the time you walk out of the dispensary. Again, if you go by the articles, there’s a chance that there are mold and legal pesticides in it. I don’t care if they’re legal or not legal, I don’t want any pesticides in my cannabis.

From what I understand Monsanto and Bayer and merging and they both have said they’re going to get into the cannabis business. I anticipate you’ll start seeing they’ll begin buying big commercial growers, so everything is going to consolidate. If this bill goes through Congress, you’re going to see a lot of acquisition and merger activity. In funny because in Oregon they have more cannabis they know what to do with, I believe it’s currently $4 a gram, they’re not even growing cannabis to get you high anymore there switching everything to hemp, and they’re converting everything to CBD oil. The reason why they’re doing that is that you can make more money with the CBD oil from the hemp than you can with cannabis. With cannabis, you have to get a license, but hemp doesn’t require a license, what would you do?

Caleb Crowl: I did an AirBnB out there and met the guy that was renting his room to me, and he said, “why would I grow it when it’s $3 a gram around the corner”?

Vincent Bitetti: That’s not true because I like to avoid the pesticides and mold and I like to know what I’m buying is what it says it is and not something else. We tried to raise money for a long time, and we’ve raised a lot of money, but a lot of the people who don’t put in money say, “why would I invest when I can go to a dispensary and buy it”? Well in Oregon it might be $3 a gram in California it’s $400 bucks an ounce.

Shane McCormick: Why?

Vincent Bitetti: In Oregon, the market is not well regulated for starters because they give too many licenses out, so they create a five times more supply than there is demand and this is perishable. Cannabis gets stale and old. You can’t have it sitting around for any length of time. If you do, degradation starts to kick in.

Caleb Crowl: It’s interesting to me is that I’m so blind to it on the east coast.

Vincent Bitetti: Well you have all the THC and cannabinoids breaking down and creating new cannabinoids, in the end, they all break down and form CBN. With CBN you smoke it, giggle it and fall asleep shortly after that. That’s all we had in the seventies until sensimilla came around when people started growing female plants themselves or at least the guys that were willing to take the risk in northern California especially. I’m sure you’ve heard of Humboldt Farms, and those guys made a fortune, and today they get 5,000 dollars a pound.

Around here in Southern California top-shelf cannabis is worth maybe $2000 probably more like $1800 but they still sell it for $5,000 a pound. How did they do that? They sell into states that have no legal framework for growing cannabis. Now, what are they going to do when everything is legal, and prohibition has been lifted? I don’t know. What’s exciting about growing is you get to nurture it and the more you put in, the more you get out, and you can call it a hobby.

Organic food can be expensive, so I say grow yourself, why rely on a local supermarket for your fruits and vegetables and now cannabis. I do believe top-shelf cannabis will make a come back and the market will differentiate it. It’s similar to microbreweries. Let’s take Samuel Adams for example trading at 300 bucks a share, and they’ve not considered a microbrewery, but that doesn’t mean they’re no good or have lost their small entrepreneur microbrewery status. It’s a very cyclical thing. It’s similar to non-alcoholic beer, and they’re always trying to reinvent the wheel. They’ve twisted the marketing upside down.

The real pioneers of anything they start at home, garage bands to…you know, tech entrepreneurs. You know what I mean? The crazy thing is that some people believe it’s normal to have spider mites, they think it’s normal to use pesticides. All these things aren’t normal. They’ve been brainwashed!

Caleb Crowl: What’s the deal with nutrients? I see so many companies out there that sell nutrients, and I have no idea which one to buy. It’s confusing.

Vincent Bitetti: Yeah, nutrients is a highly marketed item, almost like magic in a bottle. I would suggest not using nutrients if you don’t have to use nutrients. There’s no different than the nutrients they have been using for hundreds of years, they just specialized it for cannabis. If you’re growing in soil, you’re buying these proven soils, that are organic and already dialed in certified by the state or whoever as organic and go buy it. Keep it really simple. Go out to your local supermarket and buy purified water or get a reverse osmosis system, although you don’t need one but start growing. It sounds like you’ve got all the basics down. Just go out there and experiment a bit.

Caleb Crowl: There’s so much information out there, it’s almost like you don’t know who to believe. It’s reassuring to hear to keep thing simple and not over-complicate things. I go through my day to day life by keeping things simple so hearing from a grower that’s been growing for 40+ years to “dumb it down” a bit is refreshing. I look forward to my next grow and not going overboard, and hopefully, I can produce quality cannabis and get the therapeutic benefits from it.

Vincent Bitetti: To give you a tip, with autos you do need to find a good seed to source. You don’t have to import seeds from Europe any longer, luckily there’s an abundance of choice in today’s marketplace. There are some great seed sources in the US, take GreyBeard Seeds those guys probably have a geneticist on staff because they import the best stuff from Europe and they make their own strains. There are also 420 FastBuds, those are all autos. They have outstanding genetics. They’re showing you the real thing, the DNA if you tested it would probably be correct but it’s like every living thing, some things have better immune systems than others. With cannabis, it’s all about chemotypes, genotypes, and phenotypes.

The phenotype is like if you had a twin brother or a regular brother and you guys had the same genes essentially, but you don’t look or act 100 percent alike. Your genotypes would relate to how you look. The chemotype with cannabis is all about the cannabinoids. If you have the same genes essentially, or pool of genes, but you don’t look 100 percent alike, or you don’t act 100 percent. Like if your twins or whatever, there’s different phenotype. Okay. But your genotype is the same gene pool. And so if you’ve got solid genes, you don’t get diseases and stuff, so you’re a superior feature. Let’s say that you’ve got good genes and if you’re good-looking, you got a great phenotype, and with chemotype with cannabis iit’sall about the cannabinoids. So, do you want 20%- 30% THC, or do you want some ratio of CBD to THC to be 20:1 or 10:1.

On that note, autos don’t need sleep, and they do not photosynthesize at night like regular cannabis, they belong to an entirely different class plant. Autos don’t need any sleep. However, they are living things so they should sleep at least four hours. Keep in mind with regular cannabis there’s a lot of work going on at night. Photosynthesis is happening at night underground where the roots are using all the sugars and starches and everything in the food to create the cannabinoid profile, that doesn’t happen with autos, which is why they don’t need sleep.